The router is a frequently used tool in the woodworking station and so the router table is. Though many people opine that any beginner with the basic woodworking skill can make a router table I do not agree with them.
My opinion is that you should have an intermediate level woodworking skill to start such a project of building a router table. If you have an intermediate level skill in woodworking I would appreciate you starting the process of making a router table for a plunge router.
In this article, I will show you the process of building a router table for a plunge router by following only 4 steps.
Required Tools and Materials
For any kind of construction or DIY project, you need to gather all the required materials and tools before starting the project. You should have the following items in your collection to build your router table.
- Drill Bits
- Sander for smoothening
- Router Mounting Bolts
You are Just 4 Steps Away to Make a Router Table
Building the base of the table is the most important part of making a router table. The base should be strong enough to carry the load of the whole body including different kinds of projects that you will run in the future.
You should keep in mind the size of the table when you will design and build the base. A big table with a narrow or comparatively thin base will not last long.
The maple and the plank wood are the best choices for the framework of the router table. A woodworker who has good knowledge about his job always picks a comfortable height for work. So I would recommend you to start working at a comfortable height.
To build the frame at first cut a leg according to the dimension of the design. Then cut the three other legs of the same length as the first one. If you fail to make all the legths equal your table will be unstable. Such a router table is bad for work. Then clamp all the legs together.
Then build a pair of squares. One square is to fit outside of the legs and the other square is to fit inside of the legs. Then glue as well as screw the smaller one about 8” above the floor and the bigger one at the right place.
If there is a cabinet in your design then you need to add a bottom, side panels, and door in the framework. You should measure the space of the router before adding these.
After building the foundation now it is time to build the top surface of the table. The top surface should be kept slightly bigger than the head of the router. So, measure a square that is a little bit bigger than the dimension of the router and then draw 1’’ bigger square around it.
When your drawing is finished cut the inner square completely. Then take the chisel and cut a rabbet using a bigger square.
To avoid any kind of malfunctioning you can use a Perspex faceplate because when your eyes are on the level you can make adjustments easily. To make a faceplate you have to take measurement of the large square of the top on Perspex and cut it according to the measurement.
Then take off the handheld base plate of the router and drill a hole at the center point. Then laying the flat Perspex over the edge of the working table enter the router bit through the hole.
Now you have to fix the position of screws and drill holes in the Perspex plate for the screws.
Now it is time to construct a fence for your router table. It is a long and smooth piece of wood that guides the router operator to push the applications or projects across the router table.
You need 32” long plywood for making a fence. You have to cut a half circle hole at the place where the fence meets the head of the router. To make your work easier and precise you can screw a narrow piece of wood over this circle so that nothing can fall onto the router bit or hole accidentally.
It is better to make more than one fences for some reason. A larger fence can give better support to larger object ensuring no flip during your work. If the object you are working on is narrow in size then a narrow fence is comfortable to work with.
Placing the top surface on the frame attach it firmly using screws and place the Perspex plat that you have made inside the crevice and place the router beneath it. Then push the router bit and screw the mounting router bits at the proper place.
Then assemble the fence with the top surface of the router table so that you can easily take it apart when it is necessary.
The assembly is finished and your router table is ready. You can also disassemble all the parts of the router table including the router for the convenience of storage.
I have forgotten one thing and that is smoothening the table. For this purpose, I have mentioned sander in the list of required materials. Give the final touch in your project by smoothening it using the sander.
The main purpose of your router table is an important matter of consideration. If you are building a router table for a general woodshop then you need to build a large size router table.
If you are a beginner then you may not need to have a large size router table, still having a large size router table is more beneficial. Because day by day you will enhance your skill and will feel the necessity of having a big router table.
So, researching about your present and furture work you should fix the size and design of the router table.