Constructing a birdhouse is a kid-friendly project that you can do with your kids or your grandkids. To pass quality time with the kids making a birdhouse out of wood can be an effective DIY project.
If you are a wooden DIY lover then I hope you already have all the tools required for constructing birdhouse in your toolbox. This is a cheap project and does not require much time to complete though the time depends on the design you have chosen.
In this article, I will show you the steps of building a simply designed birdhouse out of wood that can be done with basic DIY skills.
Required Tools and Materials
You need to gather the following tools and materials to complete your birdhouse project.
- Cedar Lumber (1-inch x 8 inches x 8 feet)
- 1-1/4 inch galvanized finishing nails
- 1/4-inch-diameter dowel
- Wood glue
- Paint or stain
- Tape measure
- Speed square or framing square
- Saw (a miter saw works best)
- Woodworking Clamps
- Drill with 3/32-inch, 1/4-inch, and 1-1/2-inch spade
- Forstner or hole saw bits
5 Steps to Build a Birdhouse
At first cut the front and back part of the wood lumber you have bought into 9 x 7-1/4 inches. Then mark down the center of each cut piece and using a miter saw make an angle of 45 degrees.
It is easier to make an angle of 45-degrees using a miter saw than other types of saws. You just have to turn the miter saw at an angle of 45-degrees and it is done. Yes, you can do it with other types of saws also. In that case, you have to mark the 45-degree angle using the square and then you have to cut according to the measurement.
While marking for measurement do it on the interior side of the wood so that it cannot be seen after finishing the project.
Now it is time to cut the side pieces into 5-1/2 x 5-1/2 inches. Then cut the pieces for making the roof into 6 x 7-1/4 inches, and 5-1/8 x 7-1/4 inches.
The side pieces will be placed a little shy of the roof so that air can circulate through the birdhouse. The longer piece cut for the roof will overlap the shorter one and these pieces will overhang the birdhouse at the same distance.
Then cut pieces for preparing the base. The piece cut for the base should be 5-1/2 x 2-1/2 inches in dimension. Then you have to make a miter cut on every corner from each end so that water can run out when you will clean your birdhouse.
Now it is time for drilling and to find out the position of drilling you have to do some measurements. Take the front piece and measure from the peak of the front piece down 4 inches. Then mark on the vertical centreline and you have to drill here a 1-1/2-inch hole. This hole is the door for the bird to enter into the house.
Splintering may occur during drilling. To avoid splintering you can place a scrap board below the front piece before drilling. It is safe to clamp the pieces you already have made before starting drilling.
All the required pieces for constructing the birdhouse are ready and now it is time for assembly. Take the glue and run a bead of glue along the outside of the edges. Then insert the sides between the front and rear parts ensuring the outside edges flush.
Then drill two pilot holes of 3/32-inch size at each joint to drive nails through it. After that assemble the base using glue and finish nails.
We are using the glue to hold the joints together but until the glue dries the nails help to hold everything together. Finally, drill a ¼ -inch hole at 1-inch below the entrance hole. You are drilling this hole to insert a 3-inch piece of dowel with a dap of glue on the end.
If you want to paint your birdhouse then you can paint now before assembling the roof. When the paint is dried properly assemble the roof using glue and nails. You have to keep in mind that the longer piece of the roof should be placed over the smaller one.
- Wood you are using for making birdhouse should be weather-resistant wood like cedarwood or redwood. You can also use plywood.
- It is better to place the birdhouse about 1 and a half meters above the ground otherwise, predators may harm or kill the bird.
- To protect the house from the rain you can place the door of the birdhouse on the north side of the tree.
- While gluing you should not use much more glue that will squeeze in the body of the birdhouse.
- The paint should be dried properly.
- The location of the birdhouse, its design, color, size of the entrance hole, etc. has an impact on attracting the bird to the birdhouse.
- If there is enough source of food near the birdhouse birds will be attracted easily. So, it is better to place the birdhouse where the birds can find food easily.
You just make a beautiful birdhouse and hang it from the branch of the tree and birds will come and live in that house – no, it is not that easy. The birdhouse should be attractive in the eyes of birds. If the birdhouse is not attractive in the eyes of birds they will never do mercy on you by living there even if you hang it for months after months.
The type of birds you are focusing on is also important. For example, if you focus on the wren the entrance hole should be kept smaller so that other competitors cannot enter there.
You know safety is a very important issue to consider. So, you should place the bird house should also be in a safe place.